Strengthening friendly relations and co-operation between Vietnam and Tanzania, Mozambique and Iran
Tuesday, 2016-03-08 16:58:11
NDO – President Truong Tan Sang and his wife departed Hanoi today beginning a week-long State visit to Tanzania, Mozambique and Iran, at the invitation of Tanzanian President John Magufuli, Mozambique President Filipe Jacinto Nyusi and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. The State visits aim to enhance friendly relations and co-operation between Vietnam and the three countries.
Located in East Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania has an economy mainly fueled by agriculture, with the sector accounting for one fourth of the nation’s gross domestic product and 85% of the export value. Tanzania is the third largest gold manufacturer in Africa. Holding a significant role at regional and world forums, Tanzania has made active contributions to the Non-Aligned Movement, the African Union (AU) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Tanzania was a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (2005-2006 tenure) and is one of eight countries selected to trial a project to increase the operational efficiency of the UN and the 2016 Chair of the East African Community. Vietnam and Tanzania hold traditional friendly relations, with the African country’s senior leaders having visited Vietnam several times. During Vietnam’s past struggle for national liberation, Tanzania provided support to Vietnam in both spiritual and material aspects. In Vietnam’s current national construction cause, Tanzania actively backs Vietnam’s participation in the World Trade Organisation and its becoming a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council (2008-2009 tenure) and a member of the UN Human Rights Council (2014-2016 tenure), the UNESCO Executive Board (2015-2019 tenure) and the UN Economic and Social Council (2016-2018 tenure); while recognising Vietnam’s market economy status. It is welcome news to see relations between the two countries recording such positive developments, particularly in the field of trade and investment. Two-day trade turnover reached US$204 million in 2015, with Vietnam exporting US$64 million worth of goods to Tanzania. Vietnam’s military-run telecom group Viettel has finalised negotiations to establish a Viettel-Tanzania telecom co-operation venture with total investment capital of over US$700 million. Tanzania and Vietnam have also enhanced co-operation in the field of agriculture and fisheries, in which Tanzania has urged Vietnam to send experts to help the African country. Tanzania has also called on Vietnamese businesses to invest in the field of small-sized agricultural machines and farming production in order to provide products for Tanzania and five East African countries.
Situated in South-east Africa as a neighbouring country of Tanzania, the Republic of Mozambique has an economy mainly dependent on exporting electricity, coal, natural gas, aluminum and seafood and providing port services. In its efforts to eliminate hunger, reduce poverty and ensure food security, the Mozambique government has actively called for foreign investment, upgraded infrastructure and brought its internal power into play as well as maintained an annual growth pace of 7%. In implementing its “Look East” policy, Mozambique has paid adequate attention to deepening ties with Vietnam. On the basis of the fine traditional relations, the two countries are accelerating multifaceted co-operation, particularly in the fields of politics and economy. The two sides exchanged many high-ranking delegations, most recently the Mozambique visit by former General Secretary Nong Duc Manh in 2008 and the Vietnam visit by Mozambique Prime Minister Aires Bonifacio Baptista Ali in 2010. Bilateral economic and trade ties have also seen positive developments, with two-way trade in the 2006-2010 period increasing three fold, from US$13.83 million to US$45.35 million. The figure reached more than US$66 million in 2015, with Vietnam exporting over US$59 million worth of commodities to Mozambique. Vietnam and Mozambique currently have a significant number of bilateral co-operation projects as well as those under the three-sided model in the field of agriculture and fisheries.
The Islamic Republic of Iran is located in Southwest Asia and is characterised by a hot dry climate in summer and a cold humid climate in winter. After Iran reached a comprehensive nuclear deal in July 2015 and officially implemented this deal as of January 16, 2016, Iran’s relations with the P5+1 have significantly improved. The Iranian economy has recovered gradually following the UN and several Western countries’ removal of sanctions against Tehran. Over the past, Vietnam and Iran have enjoyed traditional friendly relations. The two sides exchanged many high-ranking visits, including visits to Iran made by President Le Duc Anh in 1994, President Tran Duc Luong in 2002, Chairman of the National Assembly Nong Duc Manh in 1999, Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung in 2000 and Deputy PM Nguyen Xuan Phuc in 2014. Iranian leaders also paid visits to Vietnam, including those by Iranian Presidents Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (1995), Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (2012) and Speaker of the Iranian Parliament Acba Nateck (1998). The two countries organised six political consultation meetings and eight meetings of the Intergovernmental Committee. Regarding economic ties, Vietnam and Iran are promoting and accelerating trade co-operation, with two-way trade at over US$106 million.
The State visits made by President Truong Tan Sang to Tanzania, Mozambique and Iran aim to promote friendly relations and co-operation between Vietnam and the host nations. May President Sang’s visits be successful, elevating the traditional friendship and multifaceted relations between Vietnam and the three countries, contributing to peace, stability, co-operation and development in the world.